Written by Paul McCartney in Rishikesh, India, Back in the USSR was inspired by Chuck Berry’s Back In The USA and the Beach Boys’ California Girls. It was intended to be a parody of Berry’s Back In The USA.
“It’s tongue in cheek. This is a travelling Russkie who has just flown in from Miami Beach; he’s come the other way. He can’t wait to get back to the Georgian mountains: ‘Georgia’s always on my mind’; there’s all sorts of little jokes in it… I remember trying to sing it in my Jerry Lee Lewis voice, to get my mind set on a particular feeling. We added Beach Boys style harmonies.” - Paul McCartney
Although the song caused a negative response among American fans, with many believing that the Fab Four were encouraging communism, it became a favorite among Russian fans, who head the song through tapes smuggled into the country.